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Second Intifada - 15 Years Later
On 28 September 2000, Israeli opposition leader Ariel Sharon visited the Haram al-Sharif escorted by 1,000 Israeli riot police and a police helicopter guard. The visit served to demonstrate Israel’s imposed authority over occupied East Jerusalem and inevitably provoked Palestinian protests. Sharon’s actions were preceded by years of a negotiating (or, more accurately, renegotiating) process the sole “accomplishment” of which had been the doubling of illegal settlements, the fracturing of Palestinians into isolated enclaves, and the whittling away of the original 1993 Oslo agreement laying out steps to create a Palestinian interim self-governing authority and lay the groundwork for comprehensive peace.
The trampling on one of the holiest sites in Islam in a display of the occupier’s force and supremacy was the proverbial last straw that shattered the façade of the “peace process” and laid bare Israel’s true intention to divide the Palestinians, strictly limit Palestinian sovereignty, and relieve themselves of all responsibility for the Palestinians while retaining ultimate, permanent control over them—all with approval of the international community.
The following day, after Friday prayers, Palestinian frustration erupted and clashes ensued between rock-throwing youths and 2,000 Israeli sharp shooters and riot police deployed around the holy site. By the end of the day, 6 Palestinians had been killed and more than 200 injured; there were no serious injuries on the Israeli side. The Second Intifada had begun.
On this anniversary, we have made available articles from the Journal of Palestine Studies that chronicle the Second Intifada in real time. A decade after the Intifada’s February 2005 denouement, these articles provide accounts that continue to inform the present situation of continued occupation, unceasing settlement growth, and a divided Palestinian polity.
Author: Rema Hammami, Salim Tamari
Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2 (Winter 2001), pp. 5-25
Author: Seth Ackerman
Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2 (Winter 2001), pp. 61-74
Author: Mouin Rabbani
Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 30, No. 3 (Spring 2001), pp. 68-81
Author: Graham Usher
Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Winter 2003), pp. 21-40
Photo Credit: (AWAD AWAD/AFP/Getty Images).