Egyptian Rule in Palestine, 1831 - 1840: A Critical Reassessment
The period of Egyptian rule in Syria and Palestine has long been considered by scholars the first expression of modern statehood in the area. According to Safi, Egyptian rule may have accelerated the process of change, but did not create it. The Egyptian period is a transitional period between the changes occurring in the eighteenth century, and the crucial changes happening in the second half of the nineteenth century. While Egyptian authorities “opened” the country in a manner that has been associated with modernization, in fact the leadership of Dhahir al-’Umar brought about key changes in the economy and power structures that were then deepened under Egyptian control.